flag of Malaysia is a combination of traditional Islamic symbols
and the representation of all the states under the federation.
The 14 stripes and 14 points of the star represent the equal
status of the 14 member states, namely Johor, Kedah, Kelantan,
Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Pulau Pinang, Perak, Perlis,
Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor and Terengganu in the Federal
- The colour red signifies strength, bravery and courage in
- The colour white symbolises honesty and integrity.
- The dark blue canton represents the unity and harmony of the
peoples of Malaysia.
- The crescent represents Islam as the dominant religion.
- The 14-pointed star symbolises the unity of the 13 states with
the Federal Government.
- The yellow colour of the crescent and star is the royal colour
of the Rulers.
WHY "JALUR GEMILANG"?
Jalur (pronounced jah-loor) – A Malay word meaning a band or
stripe of colour. The 14 parallel red and white stripes
symbolise a common mission, a common direction and a virtuous
path followed by the peoples of all states regardless of creed,
race and religion.
Gemilang (pronounced guh-mee-lung) – A Malay word meaning
bright, brilliant, resplendent or excellent.
Jalur Gemilang represents the excellence of the peoples and the
nation of Malaysia in every field, be it at national or
international level. Jalur Gemilang symbolises a nation and
peoples who are hard-working, patriotic, strong, courageous and
prepared to sacrifice for the race, nation and religion.
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